Goodbye to ‘By’

By paying more attention to corruption can improve the welfare of a country.

Yet another Indonesian structure that doesn’t translate directly into English!

If you really must begin with ‘by‘ then you need…

  • By paying more attention to corruption, a government can improve the welfare of a country.
    By + [name of solution] + subject + verb (+ etc):

However, native speakers would probably just say “Goodbye to ‘By’” and go straight to the solution as the theme in the sentence:

  • Paying more attention to corruption can improve the welfare of a country.

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