Lost in translation

Instructions

The sentences below demonstrate some common misuses of English.

A flag (Indonesian flag) at the end of an example indicates that meaning has become distorted or even lost in translation from Bahasa Indonesia to English.

Clicking on opens posts that describe these problems in detail. Many such posts include activities to practice correct language use.

Alternative methods rely on variables that cannot be controlled by airlines, with overbooking, airlines have more control over related parameters.

E-commerce has been an attractive issue in the last decade, not only in Indonesia but also all countries throughout the world.

Indonesia and Australia have concluded their Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement (IA-CEPA) in August 2018.

In fact, palm oil plantations cover huge hectares of land which often requires a significant amount of workforce to pick the heavy oil palm fruit. Indonesian flag

The statistics show that until the early of 2018, Indonesian debt to GDP was below 30%.

Although some experts say that public projects would be less attractive than private projects. However, the government can do something about this. Indonesian flag

A program like this is potential to be implemented in Indonesia. Indonesian flag

The IA-CEPA is predicted to stabilise diplomatic relations between the two countries.

Public-private collaboration in policy making requires a lot of efforts. Indonesian flag

It has been argued that expenditure needed for applying a circular economy tends to be high (Kirchher et al., 2017). However, their claim is easy to counter given the many economic benefits offered by a circular economy.

Javorcik seems to be unaware of the ability of domestic companies to engage in improving their qualities. Indonesian flag

Foreign companies offer more added values to products or services. Indonesian flag

As Ballard (2017) states that nicotine is more dangerous than alcohol. Indonesian flag

A variety of arguments have been put forward to discuss about the difference between a linear economy and a circular economy.

According to data, 40.49 % of palm oil productions are from small farm owners.

Older workers have built expertise to enable them coping with unusual circumstances. Indonesian flag

Governments in many countries rely on bailout as the most preferred policy in a situation perceived as crisis. Indonesian flag

The flight will be departed from gate 3 in ten minutes. Please proceed to the boarding lounge. Indonesian flag

Only some students hand in their homework on time.

I recently started walking to work occasionally, but it's still only once in a blue moon.

It is a necessity of Christian churches to address post-colonial issues in their ministerial aspects. Indonesian flag

Most of the coral reefs around the world have been damaged by fishing gears which sweep the ocean floor, such as dragnets and trawlers.

Euthanasia may be a good solution for both of patients and their families. Indonesian flag

I have one wife, one child, one cat and one dog.

The involvement of government in indigenous governance has arisen a variety of arguments. Indonesian flag

People use papers for a variety of purposes. Indonesian flag

Tissue demands for housing and offices are increasing. Indonesian flag

40% of people living with HIV have risk to develop tuberculosis. Indonesian flag

It is important to test products on animals before releasing them commercially to markets. Indonesian flag

Every people can access their own social media account with the touch of a finger. Indonesian flag

Social media may grow up rapidly in the future. Indonesian flag

Online news can spread out quickly because most people these days have smartphones. Indonesian flag

News from online media is easy to be found. Indonesian flag

In recent years, social media platforms like Instagram, Facebook, and Twitter have become widely discussed in society.

Technology is very useful for people's life. Indonesian flag

Technology makes people rely themselves on instruments.

Mobile phones are completed by advanced features. Indonesian flag

Social media are the most common media to be used to share information recently.

When demand is low, prices usually fall down. Indonesian flag

Since there are many starving people in the world, it is better not to throw food. Indonesian flag

The arts perhaps bring balance and harmony which the arts are not just what you see but what you make others see. Indonesian flag

Helping developing nations can spend much money. Indonesian flag

In recent times, the obligation of developed nations to give aid for developing nations has been widely discussed. Indonesian flag

Forward-thinking schools don’t insist their students to wear uniforms.

Admittedly some people may not interests in the arts.

Investing in arts may help governments to overcome social problems. Indonesian flag

Listening modern music, such as Jazz, for instance, might be useful to warm up the emotion part of the brain which can induce relaxation and reduce anxiety. Indonesian flag

Nowadays the demand of education is increasing around the world. Indonesian flag

The use of government fund to give free higher education impacts negatively on economic development. Indonesian flag

It could be argued that a patient who doubts with modern medicines will take longer to heal. Indonesian flag

Most patients think hard about the best way to recover their health and to accelerate the healing process. Indonesian flag

Zoos are good places for animals conservation.

It could also be argued that removing individual animals from the wild are potentially threatening the population of wild species.

Is this a good way for students to prepare their new academic environments?

Interacting with many people expands students vision and broadens their horizons.

A gap year allows participants to find passion in their life. Indonesian flag

At the same time parents spend lots of money on their children because they consider traveling costs and additional expenses during their children take their gap year. Indonesian flag

Living far away from home improves their ability in money managing, since their parents may not support their financial. Indonesian flag

Taking a gap year gives certain advantages to young people before attending colleges.

Since young people want to be considered independent humans. They try to prove their ability for themselves and other people as well.

Some people argue that taking a year break causes hesitation to continue study permanently. However, many people claim that taking a gap year between finishing high school and starting university studies is beneficial.

First of all I love the culinary. Indonesian flag

You only need little equipment to play badminton. Indonesian flag

Automation in industry means increased productivity and better productions.

..blah blah blah. In addition, cities provide and manage recycling of garbage, and provide waste disposal services. Eventually, most cities provide good drainage to prevent flooding. Indonesian flag

Urbanisation supports economic development. Firstly, it is a supporting factor to increase industries. Indonesian flag

Online stores suggest their customers to change their passwords periodically. Indonesian flag

Easy access to shops online makes buyers can visit many stores without leaving their homes. Indonesian flag

Cities offer larger salaries to people rather than small towns.

Common people watch television every night for six hours. Indonesian flag

English should be taught from an early age. English is highly valued when pursuing study abroad, getting a job, and connecting business people all over the world. They use English, furthermore, in their activities, such as education, business, politics, travel, and others.

Since 2010, I am IT Specialist at Purwodadi Botanical Gardens. Indonesian flag

All my friends agree that I'm a good cooker! Indonesian flag

In my leisure time I like swimming, reading, and watching. Indonesian flag

People in my office know me as a person who knows about computer because my background study. Indonesian flag

I hope that in the future I will be able to give a contribution as an Indonesian expert in mosquito-borne disease. Indonesian flag

Sometimes I am a lonely person and I struggle by my own. Indonesian flag

What a cute baby! Is it a 'he' or a 'she'? Indonesian flag

I'm very busy during the week, but at weekends I go out with my colleges. Indonesian flag

There is an excellent cinema in my hometown. I go there almost every weekend with my couple. Indonesian flag

Many vehicles produce smoke in the street, especially in rush hours.

This problem occurs due to people throw waste into the irrigation system. Indonesian flag

I agree that famous people should be followed by medias. Indonesian flag

These days gadgets do not consume power as much as they used to.

Despite of its lucrative potential, tourism causes many new social problems.

Unemployment has increased in recent years for some reasons.

Over-grazing is one of the most significant factor in environmental land degradation. Indonesian flag

Indonesia has rights to withdraw from ASEAN if trade agreements are not adhered to.

Indonesia should prevent its resources from the threat of bio-piracy.

You can also use Gojek if you don't bring much luggage. Indonesian flag

As the tap handle rotated the spindle moves up inside the tap body.

This could be achieved using gravity to allow the water to flow from the higher to the lower level. Indonesian flag

These days youths are more challenged by the future because making decisions about the future is not easy. Indonesian flag

The experience I got from this job has strong contributions in changing my character from employee to leader.

Students experience stress when they enter university because college life is tough and tiring.

Euthanasia may be one of ways to deliver health resources fairly to people who still want to live. Indonesian flag

Students can take a break while they are studying in college for refreshing.

People call this as the 'big data era'. Indonesian flag

I'll ask the menu! Indonesian flag

Sales increased dramatically reached 2,000 in July.

Taking a break between school and university is worthy of their time. Indonesian flag

Happiness is depend on a person's view of their life. Indonesian flag

Modern art and music can cause conflicts in existing cultural values and can cause misinterpretation or even losing their originality in cultural identity.

Space exploration does not improve conditions in the society. Indonesian flag

Governments have spent quite a lot for space exploration using public money. Indonesian flag

I experience the same problems with you. Indonesian flag

I drove to town this morning and got an accident. Indonesian flag

Now I am searching ways to make the Lombok community aware of mental health. Indonesian flag

They have somehow shown their supports and encouraged me to pursue postgraduate study. Indonesian flag

Teachers should shift from individual learning to collaborative one. Indonesian flag

I'm sorry I'm late. My wife is sick and so this morning I should take my son to school. And I'm sorry but I should leave early today to take him home.

Routine activities make our hearts are happy. Indonesian flag

I keep my photos because they can memorise the moment. Indonesian flag

Of course I love my house. It has a yard. Actually it's not a very wide yard. Indonesian flag

Some people claim that working hours for labours in factories are too long. Indonesian flag

Some people believe that the existence of machines helps to generate more profit than loss. Indonesian flag

In conclusion, long working hours are necessary for human beings. Indonesian flag

Different ethnics will have different languages to communicate. Indonesian flag

Constructing impressive buildings benefits more for visitors than local people.

Search features help shoppers to find what they're looking for. Besides, online shopping offers customers various payment methods. Indonesian flag

The usage of technology is very important to learn effectively.

I would like to study abroad one more time, especially for achieving a doctoral degree. Indonesian flag

I have also been a teacher in one of high schools in Padang. Indonesian flag

Physical shops are more convenient than online stores. Firstly, in physical shops customers are able to touch goods and try on clothes. Secondly, shopping in physical shops can be a social activity. Indonesian flag

I was graduated from Hasannudin university in 2007. Indonesian flag

There are more ways that have to be done to halt the spread of HIV. Indonesian flag

The revenues resulting from the tax amnesty could compensate the temporary loss of revenues deriving from the transition.

Owners of LCGC cars spend additional money on car tax which is expensive enough for middle income families.

Australians who disagreed or remained neutral had an upward trend during the period. Indonesian flag

I am a doctor. My first sister is a doctor. My second sister is a doctor. And my third sister is a doctor. My father wanted us to become a doctor. Indonesian flag

In the first place is over-grazing, which caused 35% of land degradation.

The widespread of this crime can be reduced by imposing stricter penalties. Indonesian flag

In Australia I will need a lot of money to pay my basic needs. Indonesian flag

By paying more attention to corruption can improve the welfare of a country. Indonesian flag

Full-day school becomes an important issue because it concerns a wide range of people, especially parents. Indonesian flag

In my opinion, artificial intelligence should be kept away from humans' civilisation. Indonesian flag

When I was living in the desert I lost my weight. Indonesian flag

Bakso was chosen by 60% of students, Martabak by 20%, Siomay by 15%, and only 5% chose Other.

Giving a challenge for human workers to involve in controlling machines is a good idea. Indonesian flag

Several audiences left before the film finished. Indonesian flag

In the 100m running the winner was Usain Bolt. The second winner was Justin Gatlin. Indonesian flag

I am a staff at the Ministry of Religious Affairs.

The table shows the percentage of money that allocated by people in different countries for different reasons in 2002. Indonesian flag

In 2020, sales of all devices will increase.

I know that reading is important, but Indonesian people are lazy to read. Indonesian flag

My friends advised me change my performance, so I went to the salon, bought some new clothes and smart shoes. My friends agree that my performance is much better now. Indonesian flag

In 2015 sales of all 3 types of fast food increased dramatically.

The number of students in 2001 was accounted 33,438 students.

Yes, I like my job because it matches my education.

Sports don't have to be risky with the use of proper equipments.

Americans rose steadily, while Indonesians fell dramatically.

I'm not used to invite visitors to my house. Indonesian flag

Studying abroad needs high cost! Indonesian flag

The price of natural pearls is more expensive than the price of man made pearls. Indonesian flag

I enjoy using Facebook because I could see photos of my friends there.

In general, all the lines show that there is an increasing trend of people with bronchitis. Indonesian flag

In general, the 6pm news reached its peak for almost 5 million viewers per day in the first month.

Famous people are followed everywhere by the press. Their families sometimes feel they have to hide from reporters, and the children of famous people may feel that they are living behind the bar.

Through television broadcasting many people had known about the president's vision and mission.

People who live in remote areas sometimes have limited access to the things they want to buy. Since it cannot be provided by retail shops, online shopping may be the solution. Indonesian flag

Consequently, people lived in remote areas sometimes have limited access to learning resources.

Many countries are spending a lot of money on space exploration in order to reach edge of the universe.

Google also increased steadily, although not as significantly as Facebook.

Women having a first child was low in both years (1995 and 2005).

The event was extremely successful. It was attended by more than a thousand persons. Indonesian flag

Is it worth to spend large amounts of money on space exploration? Indonesian flag

Moving on to look at the various factors irritating theatregoers, six include undesirable voice including sneezing, whispering, snoring, rustling sweet papers, mobile phones and coughing.

The percentage of Australians holding a maths, science, or computing degree raised quite significantly from 10 to 18.

The topic of change in people's lives has been widely discussed recently.

The graph illustrates information about the results of a poll of theatregoers regarding disturbances during theatre performances. In general the 4 most disturbing problems are coughing, rustling sweet papers, whispering and arriving late. Their percentages stand at above 50%.

When people go to real shops, the goods are visible. They can try clothes on and know what materials were used.

Moreover, a failure can be caused by a lack of practical experiences.

If I am given more time in the reading test, I will answer all of the questions with satisfied results.

Budi tried to teach himself IELTS but made no progress. Then he discovered @guruEAP and last Saturday he could achieve band 7.0.

Apple stores had more costumers than any other store during the period. Indonesian flag

Advertising tends to make people more consumptive. Indonesian flag

Preserving endangered languages may trigger negative sentiments about the allocation of fundings. Indonesian flag

Just like their male counterparts, many Australian women earn money 2,000 dollars per month.

AAS students which have just about 37% students, submit assignments on time.

Most of older teachers and some younger teachers are not technology literate.

As we know that, last year the government removed English from the elementary school curriculum. Indonesian flag

Children these days spend a lot of time using interactive media which increases their exposure to aggressive contents. Indonesian flag

In my place there are many farm animals such as pigs, cows, and goats. Indonesian flag

Some Asians have less difficulty in intercultural communication. Indonesian flag

Today, with the introduction of information technology, life becomes more complex. Indonesian flag

In the last 10 years there is an increase in aquaculture.

For me as religious people, I totally disagree with free sex. Indonesian flag

First of all, the problem of humans using too many of the world's resources.

A study conducted in 1965 identified that argument mapping leads to clearer writing. Indonesian flag

Sorry, I can't join you for lunch. I will meet my writing supervisor to discuss my dissertation.

The rapid pace of modern life is what causes most people to get stress. Indonesian flag

Research has shown that men have the same kind of emotional problems with women. Indonesian flag

The government need to make more of an effort to fight crimes. Indonesian flag

Population is indeed growing, but after 2050 it will likely to decline slightly.

Several researches have proven that nuclear energy is not as dangerous as people think. Indonesian flag

Chomsky (2014) argued that grammar monopoly is an effective way to highlight first language interference.

The principle of the social services is that people have rights to live happily and without discrimination. Indonesian flag

The fallopian tube is a tunnel which will be passed by the sperm on its way to the egg. Indonesian flag

People in the 14-17 group of age were most affected by the changes. Indonesian flag

In the second process, the sperm enters the egg, and the zygote is formed. Indonesian flag

There are many factors that can contribute to failure such as students do not manage their time well, or they are just lazy.

Agricultural sector is different from economic sector in the way research is conducted. Indonesian flag

Passive smoking brings negative impact for people who do not smoke. Indonesian flag

The growth of cashless payments has raised the debatable issue whether this payment method is part of the problem or part of the solution. Indonesian flag

Government must work hard to tackle the problem of inflation. Indonesian flag

Conserving a language is the key to fully grasp the identity of a culture.

I just heard that I achieved 7.0 overall in my recent IELTS test. Thanks God!

The government has just removed fuel subsidies. It means that the price of basic goods will surely go up. Indonesian flag

The population of Japan is lower than Thailand.

These days children see far too much violence on TV and this can affect to their emotional development. Indonesian flag

Before departing for Australia, students must prepare theirselves in order to avoid culture shock. Indonesian flag

In addition to smoking, excessive drinking also can cause illness. Indonesian flag

The government does not concern about the crime rate in cities. Indonesian flag

There will be many disadvantages for human if animal testing is stopped. Indonesian flag

In my spare time I usually go out with my friends. Indonesian flag

Since the abolition of fuel subsidies, prices have been fluctuative.

It is important to consider the negative effects for the sake of our young generation. Indonesian flag

First of all it is necessary to consider about unemployment. Unemployment is considered as a serious problem. Indonesian flag

At the weekend I like to spend my time to cook.

Excuse me, why the answer to number 10 is 'A'?

Domestic work is made easier with the use of dishwasher, vacuum cleaner, and washing machine.

These problems have become more serious because of the government have failed to end corruption.

According to a recent census, there are 265 millions people living in Indonesia.

Indonesian students sometimes struggle because they lack of critical thinking skills.

Even the government has tried hard to control corruption, but bribery is still commonplace. Indonesian flag

Because of the recent increase in fuel prices, the price of food is more expensive than before. Indonesian flag

Agricultural sector is different from economic sector in the way research is conducted.

In Australia I will need a lot of budget because I have to buy many things.

Most Indonesian people against the removal of fuel subsidies. Indonesian flag

In Australia there are many women receive the same salary as men. Indonesian flag

Unemployment is one of the most serious problems for the society today.

I always use special shoes when I'm working in the laboratory. Indonesian flag

Everybody knows that condoms can avoid pregnancy. Indonesian flag

Motorcyclists in Bali don't seem to care about their own safety or other people's. They weave in and out of traffic without leaving room to manoevre. They cut in front of cars and then brake hard. They ride on the pavement and on the wrong side of the road. Even they don't wear helmets.

I am difficult to understand. Indonesian flag

Doctor, what's wrong with me? I feel tired every time! Indonesian flag

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