40% of people living with HIV have risk to develop tuberculosis.
Yes. ‘Risk’ can be a ‘risky’ word in English!
We can assume that if there’s a risk, then there is some kind of ‘bad thing’ causing the risk, for example ‘developing tuberculosis’.
Risk – verb
Here there are basically three options.
- 40% of people living with HIV are at risk of developing tuberculosis.
- subject + to be + at risk of + name of bad thing
- A weak immune system can make it easier to contract tuberculosis, and people living with HIV are particularly at risk.
- clause mentioning the bad thing + subject + to be + (adverb) + at risk
- 40% of people living with HIV risk developing tuberculosis.
- subject + risk + name of bad thing
Risk – noun
Here the ‘bad thing’ is not mentioned.
- People who have unprotected sex are taking a risk.
- subject + take + a risk/risks
Notice the collocation – ‘take’ a risk!
Risk as noun is also often used as a noun modifier:
- Unprotected sex is a high risk activity.
- subject + to be + a + high risk + noun
Risky – adjective
Here again, the ‘bad thing’ is not mentioned.
- Unprotected sex is risky.
- subject + to be + risky
Now try this short practice activity (inspired by my nephew – see featured image!).