A problem has arisen

The involvement of government in indigenous governance has arisen a variety of arguments.

Here there is a vocabulary problem AND a grammar problem!

First the grammar problem..

In other languages (Indonesian flag ‘memunculkan’) the verb ‘arise’ can be transitive (can take an object), but in English it cannot. However, there do exist alternatives that allow you to keep the object (obj – ‘a variety of arguments’):

  • The involvement of government in indigenous governance has raised a variety of arguments.

Or if you want sophisticated collocation (for a higher score in IELTS speaking and writing):

  • The involvement of government in indigenous governance has given rise to a variety of arguments.
  • The involvement of government in indigenous governance has elicited a variety of arguments.

If you really want to use the verb arise, then don’t include an object:

  • A variety of arguments have arisen concerning the role of government in indigenous governance.
  • The role of government in indigenous governance has been discussed and a variety of arguments have arisen.

Next, the vocabulary problem..

The verb ‘arise’ doesn’t collocate strongly with the noun ‘argument’. If we explore collocation using this corpus and this corpus , we find that ‘arise’ actually collocates with the nouns ‘problem’ and ‘question’ (see featured image for this post! !).

In this case, a better version of the opening sentence would be:

  • A variety of questions have arisen concerning the role of government in indigenous governance.
  • The role of government in indigenous governance has been discussed and a variety of problems have arisen.

Conclusion

If you want to avoid problems, and possibly questions, be careful next time you use arise/arose/arisen!

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