Captivating in captivity

It is an irresponsible idea to captive animals in zoos.

This is a word with many forms. Let’s look at how they work in sample sentences and then try some practice.

capture (v)

  • We captured upwards of four thousand cattle.
  • Caught and put into captivity. In the featured image for this post, the zoo ‘captured’ the panda.

capture (n)

  • Japanese fishing enterprises included the capture of lobster and mollusks.
  • Getting something or someone and putting it into captivity.

captivity (n) (in captivity – adj)

  • Females in captivity have produced eggs every 14 days.
  • Imprisoned, not free to leave. Notice the formation of an adverb using ‘in’! In the featured image for this post, the panda is ‘in captivity’.

captive (adj)

  • Captive females have produced eggs every 14 days.
  • People or animals held in captivity. In the featured image for this post, the panda is ‘captive’.

captive (n)

  • They kept war captives and other persons as slaves.
  • Prisoners (usually used for people rather than animals). In the featured image for this post, the panda is ‘a captive’.

captivating (adj)

  • The easiest way to turn plain pictures into captivating stories.
  • Stories that are extremely interesting and engaging. In the featured image for this post, the panda is captivating.

captivated (adj)

  • His audience was captivated by his words.
  • The audience were extremely focussed on his words. In the featured image for this post, the boy is ‘captivated’.

Note: captivated and captivating behave just like bored and boring!

Children captivated by a captive hippopotamus
Children captivated by a captive hippopotamus

Conclusion

Our opening sentence could be expressed using more than one form of captive.

  • It is an irresponsible idea to keep animals in in captivity in zoos.
  • Notice the collocation – ‘keep’ someone or something ‘in captivity’
  • It is an irresponsible idea to capture animals and keep them in zoos.

Practice

Select words from the drop-down menus to complete the text. When you have finished, click 'Check your answers!' for feedback.

OK I understand

When children look at wild animals in zoos we can see from their faces that they are quite by them. However, even though animals like pandas and tigers can indeed be , there are strong arguments against keeping these animals . First of all so many animals are being that some species are now endangered. Another problem is that  animals tend to fall ill easily as their diet and environment changes dramatically. For these and other reasons animal rights groups argue that we should halt the of animals and experience them in the wild instead.

Answer Key

Answers here, but only if you're really stuck!

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