Managing food and drink temptation

You will hear a researcher talking about how people control their attraction to – and consumption of – unhealthy food and drink. Before you listen, chat with a friend about you avoid unhealthy food. Describe your strategies to each other!



Answer the questions as you listen.

Write ONE WORD for each answer.
  1. Read through the questions and try to predict answers.
  2. Listen and fill gaps in the text with suitable words or phrases.
  3. Click (or touch) 'Check your answers'.
  • Feedback colours: Correct - Incorrect - Not answered
  • After submitting answers a link to an answer key will appear at the bottom of the page. Clicking highlighted words in this key will reveal the location of the answer in the tapescript.
  • This activity includes 10 questions.

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Managing food and drink temptations

To manage their consumption of food and drink, people are usually advised to make a list, or completely cut out certain foods.

Researchers identified 4 strategies that people use to manage their consumption of food and drink.

1. Food availability

Some people make sure that tempting food is not available. These people:

  • Either lock away or make sure that they have none in the house.
  • Shop for an entire week rather than just a few days.
  • Shop at supermarkets where the choice of products is .

2. Mental strategies

  • Realising that beginning to eat certain food causes a person to eat a larger amount of the same food.
  • Allowing certain foods but a time to eat it.

3. Exercise

  • Exercise reduces and makes tempting foods less desirable.
  • People don’t want the good work that goes into exercise to be wasted.

4. Meal formulation

  • Meals are planned for a particular .
  • People prepare their own food. In particular they decide:
    • ingredients
    • size
    • time of eating

Applying the strategies

  • Most people combine the previous 4 strategies.
  • The strategies are also used by people with BMIs in the range.

Conclusion

  • People manage food consumption in many ways.
  • A change of environment can help, for example by adding machines containing healthier food.
  • Healthier food options need to be more .

Managing food and drink temptations

To manage their consumption of food and drink, people are usually advised to make a shopping (1) list, or completely cut out certain foods.

Researchers identified 4 strategies that people use to manage their consumption of food and drink.

1. Food availability

Some people make sure that tempting food is not available. These people:

  • Either lock away sweets (2) or make sure that they have none in the house.
  • Shop for an entire week rather than just a few days.
  • Shop at supermarkets where the choice of products is limited (3).

2. Mental strategies

  • Realising that beginning to eat certain food causes a person to eat a larger amount of the same food.
  • Allowing certain foods but planning (4) a time to eat it.

3. Exercise

  • Exercise reduces hunger (5) and makes tempting foods less desirable.
  • People don’t want the good work that goes into exercise to be wasted.

4. Meal formulation

  • Meals are planned for a particular time (6).
  • People prepare their own food. In particular they decide:
    • ingredients
    • portion (7) size
    • time of eating

Applying the strategies

  • Most people combine the previous 4 strategies.
  • The strategies are also used by people with BMIs in the healthy (8) range.

Conclusion

  • People manage food consumption in many ways.
  • A change of environment can help, for example by adding vending (9) machines containing healthier food.
  • Healthier food options need to be more accessible (10).

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