I always use special shoes when I’m working in the laboratory.
Candidate: Ya ya ya Mr IELTS Examiner. I should say wear special shoes! But the context is perfectly clear and you understand what I mean, right? I mean, you can easily picture the shoes I’m talking about, right?
Examiner: Yes, I understand. But you’re using weak verb/noun collocation, and so I have to give you a low score for vocabulary. Next time you want to translate ‘pake baju’, or ‘pake sepatu’, please ‘pake’ wear. OK?
- I always wear special shoes when I’m working in the laboratory.
Motorcyclists in Bali don’t seem to care about their own safety or other people’s. They weave in and out of traffic without leaving room to manoevre. They cut in front of cars and then brake hard. They ride on the pavement and on the wrong side of the road. Even they don’t wear helmets.
As in the example above, bahkan is often translated as even. However, whereas in Indonesian bahkan is positioned at the beginning of the sentence, in English even (meaning bahkan) is positioned in front of the verb:
- They don’t even wear helmets.
If you put even (meaning bahkan) at the beginning of the sentence, the IELTS examiner will understand you but you will get a low score for grammar. Many people might also be confused, because even is used in English at the beginning of a sentence together with though:
- Even though it is illegal not to wear a helmet, Balinese motorcyclists take their helmets off whenever they can.
In this example, even is a part of even though, and no longer carries the meaning of bahkan.
Doctor, what’s wrong with me? I feel tired every time!
If you say this to a doctor then the doctor will think to himself “Every time you do what?” He will begin to imagine frequent scenarios in your life when you feel tired, for example every time you plough a rice field, or every time you do an IELTS practice test, or every time you lift 200kg above your head.
Every time in English is more like the Indonesian setiap kali. What you mean to say is all the time:
- Doctor, what’s wrong with me? I feel tired all the time!
And so, every time you say ‘every time’, you should stop and think: Do you actually mean all the time?!