Cities offer larger salaries to people rather than small towns.
Here the comparison is between ‘salaries’ and ‘small towns’. The writer is saying that cities offer people large salaries and do not offer them small towns. Hmm. I would be quite happy if someone gave me a small town!
If we want to compare the salaries offered by cities with the salaries offered by small towns, then we need:
Cities offer larger salaries compared to small towns. (= salaries in cities vs. salaries in small towns)
And if you really must use rather than, then you could also write:
Cities offer larger salaries rather than smaller salaries. (= larger salaries vs. smaller salaries)
Most of the timeinstead of is synonymous with rather than:
Cities offer larger salaries instead of smaller salaries.
However, instead of is quite often a replacement for something that came before:
City companies now use electronic transfer instead of cash payment for salaries.
Next time make sure you’re comparing what you mean to compare!
Recently I was telling students that for certain statistics, generic labels like number and amount might not be suitable, for example when you’re writing about employment. Then today I saw this up-beat news item from the BBC, which contains some nice examples of ’employment speak’! Continue reading →
Common people watch television every night for six hours.
I don’t think the writer intended to be so negative, or worse – insulting! Let’s explore the meaning of common, first of all by looking inside an opera house.
Some seats in opera houses have always been more expensive than others. The cheapest seats are in ‘The Stalls’ or in ‘The Gods’, because in these areas the view of the stage is limited. Wealthier people can afford to pay for a private ‘box’, and they get a better view. The best view, meanwhile, is from the ‘Royal Box’. Continue reading →
English should be taught from an early age. English is highly valued when pursuing study abroad, getting a job, and connecting business people all over the world. They use English, furthermore, in their activities, such as education, business, politics, travel, and others.
The IELTS examiner will be wondering who they refers to. In IELTS terms, the plural they and the singular itrefer to or act as substitutes for the subject of the previous sentence. Referencing and substitution is something that the IELTS examiner is evaluating in your writing, so it pays to use it correctly.
You mean up to and including now if you use the word since followed by a time expression describing a past point in time.
Since 2010 I have been an IT specialist at Purwodadi Botanical Gardens.
You mean up to and including now if you use the word ‘for’ followed by a time expression describing a period of time that began in the past and includes now.
For 8 years I have been an IT specialist at Purwodadi Botanical Gardens.
You mean up to and including now if youdon’tuse a signal (since, for) and you don’t use a time expression, but you do imply past time up to and including now.
I have repaired many computers.
In example (3) you are using present perfect to assure us that NOW (in the present) you are an experienced computer repair person, and we can trust you! We don’t need to know exactly when you did the repairs, or exactly how many computers you repaired – we just want to make sure that you are experienced!