There will be many disadvantages for human if animal testing is stopped.
If we check in a dictionary, we see that human can be an adjective and it can be a noun. In this example human is used as a noun.
If we check again in the dictionary, we see that human is a countable noun. In grammar, we know that if we’re talking about all examples of a thing, everywhere, and the thing is countable, then we must add an ‘s’ to the noun:
There will be many disadvantages for humans if animal testing is stopped.
Mistakes are often made when human is used as a noun modifier, in which case the ‘s’ might be added to the main noun:
There will be many disadvantages for human beings if animal testing is stopped.
There are two problems here. First of all you are unlikely to spend anybody else’s time other than your own, so ‘my’ is redundant. Secondly, ‘spend time’ is much more commonly followed by _ing (gerund):
At the weekend I like to spend time cooking.
You can also use a preposition phrase to show where you spend time:
At the weekend I like to spend timein the kitchen.
And you can even combine these two examples:
At the weekend I like to spend timein the kitchen cooking.
According to a recent census, there are 265 millions people living in Indonesia.
Yes, I know it seems right. But it isn’t. Only put an ‘s’ on million when million is the main noun in a noun phrase. Very often million is the main noun in a noun phrase when it is at the beginning of a sentence..
Millions of people live in Indonesia, a huge archipelago in south-east Asia.
..but not always. It might appear somewhere inside a sentence:
Indonesia spends millions of dollars every year subsidising fuel.
In the noun phrase millions of people, millions is the main noun, modified by of people. We know exactly which millions you’re talking about – notmillions of bananas, for example! The same goes for millions of dollars (notmillions of rupiah!).
When million is not the main noun, for example when it is modifying another noun, don’t add an ‘s’:
According to a recent census, there are 265 million people living in Indonesia.
In the noun phrase 265 million people living in Indonesia, the main noun is ‘people’. All of the other words in the phrase give us information about ‘people’ – how many, and where they live.
The same rule applies to hundred(s), thousand(s), etc.
Last year of people around the world spent 2 dollars or more buying consumer goods. Of these goods, smartphones have become a dollar industry with of manufacturers in more than 3 countries. In the future this is likely to grow to many .
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