It could also be argued that removing individual animals from the wild are potentially threatening the population of wild species.
This kind of subject verb agreement problem is penalised in IELTS writing and speaking.
- It could also be argued that removing individual animals from the wild are potentially threatening the population of wild species.
In this sentence, the subject removing individual animals from the wild does not ‘agree’ with the verb are. This disagreement happens when the subject is singular and the verb is plural, or vice versa.
New Zealand now recognises all animals as sentient beings!
Discuss with a friend.. If animals are sentient beings (they can think and feel pretty much like humans can), how does this affect our attitude to:
- animals as food
- scientific experimentation involving animals (vivisection)
- animals in sport and entertainment
After your discussion, read the following text and select articles as appropriate. Continue reading
Is this a good way for students to prepare their new academic environments?
- I’m preparing dinner.
(You’re mixing ingredients, boiling, baking, frying, etc.)
- I’m preparing for dinner.
(You’re washing your hands. You’re going to eat very soon.)
A baby prepares for dinner while
his mother prepares dinner!
- I’m preparing an exam.
(You’re writing the questions that someone will answer when they sit the exam.)
- I’m preparing for an exam.
(You’re reading and thinking about questions that might be included in an exam that you are about to take.)
These men prepared a disaster.
They made the first atom bomb!
Some people prepare for disaster.
Returning to our opening example, you probably need:
- Is this a good way for students to prepare for their new academic environments?
If students are preparing their academic environments, they’re already there – possibly they’re busy arranging furniture in their accommodation, putting books on shelves, etc. If they’re preparing for their new environments, they’re not there yet because they’re not yet ready – possibly they need to study more first, pass exams, save money, etc.
Interacting with many people expands students vision and broadens their horizons.
This is a tricky one! There are many exceptions to the guidelines that follow. First of all let’s compare the following noun phrases:
- students vision
plural noun + noun – is not possible. It is grammatically incorrect.
- students’ vision
plural noun + possessive + noun is possible, meaning particular vision – the vision of the group of students under discussion. This structure is common when the first noun is ‘animate’.
- student vision
singular noun + noun – is also possible, meaning a kind of vision – ‘student vision’ as opposed to, say, ‘teacher vision’. This structure is common when the first noun is ‘inanimate’.
Returning to our opening example, meaning 2 would appear to be the most appropriate:
- Interacting with many people expands students’ vision and broadens their horizons.
Notice also that we now have a parallel structure with two clauses containing possessives – expands students’ vision, broadens their horizons.
At the same time parents spend lots of money on their children because they consider traveling costs and additional expenses during their children take their gap year.
Indonesians tend to translate selama as during, but then they run into this grammatical error.
In English, during requires the following grammar:
- ..parents spend lots of money on their children because they consider traveling costs and additional expenses during their children’s gap year.
[signal + noun (period of time)]
Indonesians might consider using while as a translation for selama, in which case they can follow up with a sentence:
- ..parents spend lots of money on their children because they consider traveling costs and additional expenses while their children take their gap year.
[signal + sentence]
Since young people want to be considered independent humans. They try to prove their ability for themselves and other people as well.
This student is experimenting with alternatives for because but has found herself in hot water. There are two possible improvements:
- Since young people want to be considered independent humans, they try to prove their ability for themselves and other people as well.
[since + cause sentence + comma + effect sentence]
- Young people try to prove their ability for themselves and other people as well, since they want to be considered independent humans.
[effect sentence + comma + since + cause sentence]
In both of these examples, since is indeed an exact synonym for because, and so is as. However, as and since are more likely to appear at the beginning of a sentence, whereas because is more common after a comma:
||beginning of sentence
||beginning of sentence
Returning to our opening example, we could also get rid of the word humans since it is clear we’re not talking about aliens or rocks:
- Since young people want to be considered independent, they try to prove their ability for themselves and other people as well.
The over-use of the word human may be cultural. See here, here and here.
Climate change is a depressing topic, but it provides us with a rich source of cause effect language that we can borrow and use in our IELTS speaking and writing.
Some world leaders continue to deny that human activity is to blame for global warming, but the following text argues that humans are in fact largely responsible.
The text features some quite sophisticated cause effect signals. Try the gapfill and be sure to review alternative answers mentioned in the answer key (available after submitting answers). Continue reading
Today I challenge you to make some predictions based on a text and at the same time supply suitable articles! (Rules for selcting articles or ‘s’ here)
I’ll post the answers to the following questions tomorrow. Meanwhile, if you think you already know the answers, write them in a comment below this post!
- When (approximately) did these events take place?
- Where (in the world) is the place referred to in the text?
- What kind of music, specifically, is referred to?
There was confusion in class recently about the meaning of ‘sustainability’, so let’s take a few minutes out to get our heads around this extremely important social issue. Below is the opening of the Wikipedia entry on sustainability. Find out what sustainablity actually is and at the same time practice using articles!
A related practice activity focusing on the effects of plastic on the environment can be found here. And if you need ideas about how to choose articles to go with nouns, read this.
As usual, if you think an article isn’t needed, just leave the drop-down menu blank! Continue reading
Just as plastic causes problems for our planet, articles cause all kinds of problems for students of English, especially when their first language doesn’t really have them (Indonesian!).
In a more recent practice activity the focus is on sustainable development and how that relates to the envirnoment. Meanwhile if you’re not sure about how to use articles in English (a, an, the), read this first, and then try the activity below!
In addition to the instruction given, if no article is suitable then don’t make a selection. Good luck! Continue reading