Certain steps should be followed in making a business plan, started from establishing mission objectives, undertaking a position analysis, identifying and assessing strategic options, selecting strategic options, and formulating plans.
In this sentence the first comma splits the sentence into two halves: Continue reading
It is an irresponsible idea to captive animals in zoos.
This is a word with many forms. Let’s look at how they work in sample sentences and then try some practice. Continue reading
Modern technology is becoming more common both at home and in workplaces.
the workplace (uncountable!)
When you use the workplace (uncountable) you’re talking about the abstract idea of the workplace as a feature of people’s lives along with school and the home. In addition, you’re usually talking about one or more of the following: Continue reading
Many teachers believe that smartphones should not be allowed in class because they distract students and do not help them to develop learning skills. However these critics are wrong, for the following reasons.
Critic is one of those words that has several forms, some of which have been borrowed by other languages and some of which have not. Consequently there is potential for word form error when critic is used by non-native speakers.
Indonesians often use critic when they mean criticism! Continue reading
The farmland was transformed become residential areas.
I have written elsewhere about how Indonesian IELTS candidates often use become to talk about a constant, where in English it is only ever used to describe a change. However, although become is used to describe a change, we would not use become AND transform together. Continue reading
Child marriage affects both genders but it is commonly happened among girls.
This is a particularly Indonesian problem, but I’d be interested to know if it affects speakers of other languages – comments below! Continue reading
The reasons that caused land degradation are shown in the pie chart.
One problem here is that reason is closely synonymous with cause, and so it’s as though you’re saying:
- ..the causes that caused land degradation!”
Another problem is that reason has stronger collocates:
- The reasons for land degradation are shown in the pie chart.
- reason(s) + for + effect(s) noun
- The reasons why land became degraded are shown in the pie chart.
- reason(s) + why + effect(s) clause
Notice that in these last two examples there is no cause effect signal (cause). If you use a cause effect signal then you need a more suitable substitute word for the cause or reason:
- The factors that caused land degradation are shown in the pie chart.
- The conditions that led to land degradation are shown in the pie chart.
In your IELTS Task 1 essay you will go on to name and describe factors and conditions, and this is easier to do elegantly if you call them ‘factors’ and ‘conditions’ than if you call them ‘reasons’.
Earth hour can have a significant impact on our planet. Because much can be achieved when people work together towards a shared goal.
I’ve posted about because before – here, here, and here. It’s such a common word and so you should make a special effort to use it correctly. Incorrect use can have a negative effect on your IELTS speaking and writing scores! Continue reading