Full-day school becomes an important issue because it concerns a wide range of people, especially parents.
This is the influence of Bahasa Indonesia. In English become is used to describe a change, rather than a constant:
People become sleepy when they drink a lot of beer.
Most knives become dull after a while and need to be sharpened.
When there’s a problem, Clark Kent becomes Superman.
In each of these three cases, a change is implied, from alert to sleepy, from sharp to dull, and from newspaper journalist to superhero. They are all familiar, recurring situations, and so we use present simple tense to describe them.
If we say “Full-day school becomes an important issue,” a change is indeed implied (from non full-day school to full-day school), but since this is a unique, rather than a recurring situation, then we need a time frame.
If the change happened in the past, but we’re not sure exactly when, then we use present perfect tense:
Full-day school has become an important issue.
If the change is happening right now – continuously – then we can use present continuous tense:
Full-day school is becoming an important issue.
However, if we are analysing a situation that is true now, constant and without change, as though we are looking at it under a microscope, then we use present simple tense:
Full-day school is an important issue.
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It is difficult to control how children use the Internet. This a problem for parents who want to protect their children from negative influences. Although software developers have built parental controls into their apps, children better able to hack apps in order to access all of their features. Indeed as time goes by it increasingly impossible to safeguard children from violent and pornographic content online. Whenever we aware of the dangers of a technology, we should urge our governments to exercise suitable controls for the sake of harmony in society.
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It is difficult to control how children use the Internet. This is a problem for parents who want to protect their children from negative influences. Although software developers have built parental controls into their apps, children have become better able to hack apps in order to access all of their features. Indeed as time goes by it is becoming increasingly impossible to safeguard children from violent and pornographic content online. Whenever we become aware of the dangers of a technology, we should urge our governments to exercise suitable controls for the sake of harmony in society.
is - The difficulty is now constant and unchanging.
become (present perfect)
have become - ’have built’ implies time up to and including now, while ‘parental controls’ are a recent development (change).
become (present continuous)
is becoming - ’as time goes by’ implies continuous change around now
become - ’Whenever’ implies a regular phenomenon, and there is an implied change from ‘unaware’ to ‘aware’.
Today, with the introduction of information technology, life becomes more complex.
Here you use a time expression – today – in order to provide your reader with time context, or a time frame. Unfortunately your verb and your time expression do not match.
Today can mean literally ‘today’, so if today is Thursday then today means Thursday. But today can also mean other things. In academic papers today often refers more generally to time around now.
Time around now began at some point in the past and is likely to continue until some point in the future. Exactly how far into the past and how far into the future does time around now extend? Well that depends on the topic. Since ‘information technology’ implies quite recent innovations, then we’re probably thinking – in this example – of a roughly twenty year period with ‘now’ somewhere in the middle.
Time around nowcan also refer to a recently new, more permanent condition, that may not be likely to change, at least not for a long time.
Depending on which verb tense we choose, we can communicate eithernew, permanent condition ORcontinuous action.
Since information technology is changing continuously – i.e. becoming more complex all the time – then we need present continuous tense.
Today, with the introduction of information technology, life is becoming more complex.
‘Become’ always implies a change, unlike the Indonesian ‘menjadi’, which can communicate a permanent state: “Siti bilang bahwa rumahtangganya tidak bahagia, karena suami tak pernah memberikan nafkah batin yang menjadi haknya.”
If we want to describe a more permanent state in English, then present simple tense is used:
Today, with the introduction of information technology, people communicate more easily than they used to.
Remember that state verbs are never used in continuous form:
Today, with the introduction of information technology, people prefer to send emails rather than write letters.