40% of people living with HIV have risk to develop tuberculosis.
Yes. ‘Risk’ can be a ‘risky’ word in English!
We can assume that if there’s a risk, then there is some kind of ‘bad thing’ causing the risk, for example ‘developing tuberculosis’. Continue reading
When demand is low, prices usually fall down.
This is a common error when describing trends in graphs in IELTS task 1 writing. It makes sense, intuitively – if something ‘falls’ then it falls down and not up! However, ‘fall’ and ‘fall down’ can have quite different meanings depending on the context.
Take a look at these examples.
- Real incomes actually fell in many places.
- The deer fell immediately and never moved again.
- The squad fired and both men fell.
- Just about anything or anyone can fall, either accidentally or predictably. This is a good word to use when describing trends in IELTS Task 1 Writing! In fact, this is what we need with our opening example:
- When demand is low, prices usually fall.
- He fell down from his horse and died immediately.
- It’s better to wear a belt so that your trousers don’t fall down.
- Both of these examples highlight ‘accidents’ in which someone or something falls down from a higher position to a lower position.
- Houses rocked and cracked; furniture fell over.
- I actually fell over the bed when entering the room.
- These are also ‘accidents’, but this time a person or thing falls over from its normal standing position into an abnormal position on the floor or on the ground.
Overall, the tap comprise of many parts.
This is an easy one to get wrong. Your options here are:
- Overall, the tap comprises many parts.
- Overall, the tap is comprised of many parts.
- Overall, the tap consists of many parts.
..but NOT comprise of!