In the metal and mining sector, companies are facing significant problems (Hopwood, 2018). For example, they face increasing production cost due to the rapid development of new mining technologies.
Like much basic vocabulary in the field of economics, cost is a difficult word! First of all this is one of those words that can be countable and uncountable, and secondly there are some usage peculiarities with each. Continue reading
Read about how to read a scientific paper, and pick up ten new vocabulary items along the way. Test your new vocab using the flashcards on this page! Continue reading
Alternative methods rely on variables that cannot be controlled by airlines, with overbooking, airlines have more control over related parameters.
The grammar problem in this opening sentence is explained in the video below.
Watch the video, and then – in the comments box at the bottom of this post – re-write the opening sentence based on the advice givien in the video!
Indonesia and Australia have concluded their Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement (IA-CEPA) in August 2018.
Sometimes past events, although finished, are somehow important in the present, and we can communicate this importance using present perfect tense, often in conjunction with related time expressions.
In fact, palm oil plantations cover huge hectares of land which often requires a significant amount of workforce to pick the heavy oil palm fruit.
Words like amount and number are used to communicate statistics, as in the amount of electricity, the number of deaths, etc. The same is true of workforce: Continue reading
The statistics show that until the early of 2018, Indonesian debt to GDP was below 30%.
It’s good to use early (and it’s opposite – late) to describe an approximate time of year or month. However, there is some grammar to think about. Continue reading
Although some experts say that public projects would be less attractive than private projects. However, the government can do something about this.
Although is a contrasting signal. However is a contrasting signal. Use one or the other, but never both!
A program like this is potential to be implemented in Indonesia.
Is this by any chance an Indonesian writer attempting to translate ‘berpotensi untuk..’? Continue reading
The IA-CEPA is predicted to stabilise diplomatic relations between the two countries.
Predicting a change that does not take an object
If you want to say something will change, without mentioning the thing that will be affected by the change (the object of the change), then the writer of our opening example is using the right structure: Continue reading
These days a lot of people like to use smartphones and tablets. Those are popular because they can connect to the Internet.
OK so our writer is using those as a substitute for smartphones and tablets. However, it would have been better to use these: Continue reading