Past and present importance

Indonesia and Australia have concluded their Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement (IA-CEPA) in August 2018.

Sometimes past events, although finished, are somehow important in the present, and we can communicate this importance using present perfect tense, often in conjunction with related time expressions.

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During a period of time

At the same time parents spend lots of money on their children because they consider traveling costs and additional expenses during their children take their gap year.

Indonesian flag Indonesians tend to translate selama as during, but then they run into this grammatical error.

In English, during requires the following grammar:

  • ..parents spend lots of money on their children because they consider traveling costs and additional expenses during their children’s gap year.
    [signal + noun (period of time)]

Indonesian flag Indonesians might consider using while as a translation for selama, in which case they can follow up with a sentence:

  • ..parents spend lots of money on their children because they consider traveling costs and additional expenses while their children take their gap year.
    [signal + sentence]
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OK I understand

I was at music college I lived in south-west England. the three years that I lived there, I visited many places of interest. I especially liked Dartmoor, which is a huge expanse of empty land populated only by sheep and cattle. One day I was on the moor I lost my way, and it took me hours to find my car! my search for the car I met some people who were exploring underground caves which they were entering through small holes in the ground. It seemed like a very dangerous hobby!

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