The reasons that caused land degradation are shown in the pie chart.
One problem here is that reason is closely synonymous with cause, and so it’s as though you’re saying:
- ..the causes that caused land degradation!”
Another problem is that reason has stronger collocates:
- The reasons for land degradation are shown in the pie chart.
- reason(s) + for + effect(s) noun
- The reasons why land became degraded are shown in the pie chart.
- reason(s) + why + effect(s) clause
Notice that in these last two examples there is no cause effect signal (cause). If you use a cause effect signal then you need a more suitable substitute word for the cause or reason:
- The factors that caused land degradation are shown in the pie chart.
- The conditions that led to land degradation are shown in the pie chart.
In your IELTS Task 1 essay you will go on to name and describe factors and conditions, and this is easier to do elegantly if you call them ‘factors’ and ‘conditions’ than if you call them ‘reasons’.
Earth hour can have a significant impact on our planet. Because much can be achieved when people work together towards a shared goal.
I’ve posted about because before – here, here, and here. It’s such a common word and so you should make a special effort to use it correctly. Incorrect use can have a negative effect on your IELTS speaking and writing scores! Continue reading
Many students spend hours reading grammar books in order to improve their English. However, they are probably better off reading novels instead.
Most people are familiar with better off as the comparative form of well off (= wealthy). However, better off has other uses in IELTS speaking and writing (Task 2). Continue reading
Before they study at the university, students should spend a year traveling and working.
OK so there’s a difference between university and the university. The same difference applies to school and the school. Continue reading
Overall, the number of elder people (aged over 60) has increased significantly.
You are unlikely to find elder used to modify a noun like people. In this case older would be much more likely: Continue reading
When we travel to new places we get to meet people with different characters.
Literally this means that when we travel we meet people like Mickey Mouse! Continue reading
People can now shop for goods online. This makes online shopping more famous than shopping in physical stores.
Generally speaking the following meanings apply: Continue reading
The amount of time children spent watching TV remained stable, meanwhile the amount of time they spent using computers increased dramatically.
In this post we contrast while and meanwhile in terms of grammatical usage and their usefulness as contrast signals.
If we buy fresh food via online it will not be fresh by the time it arrives at our homes.
We say that we ‘go’ online, and so online feels like it’s a place, but it isn’t. It’s actually an adverb! Continue reading
In the metal and mining sector, companies are facing significant problems (Hopwood, 2018). For example, they face increasing production cost due to the rapid development of new mining technologies.
Like much basic vocabulary in the field of economics, cost is a difficult word! First of all this is one of those words that can be countable and uncountable, and secondly there are some usage peculiarities with each. Continue reading