Cities offer larger salaries to people rather than small towns.
Here the comparison is between ‘salaries’ and ‘small towns’. The writer is saying that cities offer people large salaries and do not offer them small towns. Hmm. I would be quite happy if someone gave me a small town!
If we want to compare the salaries offered by cities with the salaries offered by small towns, then we need:
Cities offer larger salaries compared to small towns. (= salaries in cities vs. salaries in small towns)
And if you really must use rather than, then you could also write:
Cities offer larger salaries rather than smaller salaries. (= larger salaries vs. smaller salaries)
Most of the timeinstead of is synonymous with rather than:
Cities offer larger salaries instead of smaller salaries.
However, instead of is quite often a replacement for something that came before:
City companies now use electronic transfer instead of cash payment for salaries.
Next time make sure you’re comparing what you mean to compare!
In my leisure time I like swimming, reading, and watching.
If you are contrasting doing an activity with simply watching then you don’t need to mention the activity:
Do you do any sport?
I like to watch.
(= I prefer watching than playing!)
Meanwhile if someone is showing you how to do something, you don’t need to mention the thing that they’re showing you:
OK, now watch carefully!
However, if the thing you’re watching is something specific, then you need to mention that thing:
In my leisure time I love to swim and watch movies.
I don’t watch much TV now that we have YouTube.
This is especially important if the thing you are watching is TV or a movie, because watch collocates very strongly with these nouns.
Indonesians translating ‘nonton‘ need to remember that if you don’t tell your listener what it is that you’re watching, then as far as your listener is concerned, you could by watching almost anything, like watching paint dry or watching grass grow!
Disclaimer: I didn’t create the Academic Word List. That distinction goes to a lady called Averil Coxhead. And I know there are other sites offering academic word highlighting, but I need my own app because I’m planning to integrate the AWL with other @guruEAP posts and pages in the near future.
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