Listening modern music, such as Jazz, for instance, might be useful to warm up the emotion part of the brain which can induce relaxation and reduce anxiety.
There is some sophisticated language here – except for the first word! Unfortunately there’s a difference in meaning between listen (without to) and listen to. Take a look at this short dialogue:
||(angry..) Johnny, are you listening?
||Now listen to me. That’s very naughty. Don’t do it again!
Quite simply, if there’s an object – listen to me (‘me’, object) – then you need ‘to’:
- Listening to modern music, such as Jazz, for instance, might be useful to warm up the emotion part of the brain which can induce relaxation and reduce anxiety.
Nowadays the demand of education is increasing around the world.
Once again we have to think about slightly different word forms with radically different meanings. Continue reading
The use of government fund to give free higher education impacts negatively on economic development.
Here we have to ask ourselves: Is the money meant for a single, specific purpose or is it for general use?
The money that people carry around in their wallets or have in their bank accounts is used to buy all kinds of things and pay for all kinds of services. If this money is not intended for any single, specific purpose, then we can refer to it as funds (plural).
Sometimes, however, a sum of money is set aside for a particular purpose, and this ‘specific-purpose money’ is referred to as a fund (singular), and it is usually possible to imagine a name for the fund: “The Social Welfare Fund.” Often it is money organised by a particularly wealthy person, a group of people who have money, or an institution.
Let’s take a look at some examples. Continue reading
1. Study the following text.
Edi studied economics at university because he was concerned about the economy in his country. He knew that the Indonesian economy was not a healthy economy. At the same time, he understood the economic value of education, and he knew there were good economics faculties in Australia, so he went to study there and was soon able to compare the Indonesian economy with healthier economies in other countries.
2. Now use the terms following the instructions (below) to complete the rules below.
IELTS often requires us to talk about money and how we spend it, so here’s a song illustrating some common collocations. Lyrics are embedded in the video.
Notice that we do not usually say “The price is expensive.” This is acceptable collocation in some languages (!), but not in English – see here, here and here.
It could be argued that a patient who doubts with modern medicines will take longer to heal.
Bahasa Indonesia often features with after certain verbs where it would not be used in English. In English the opening example would simply read:
- It could be argued that a patient who doubts modern medicines will take longer to heal.
Other examples of the redundant with include:
- In addition, patients do not fully believe with the capability of the doctor.
- I like with dangdut music.
- Please promise with your mother that you will meet her after work.
So that’s four verbs – doubt, believe, like, promise – that are not followed by with in English, but are followed by with in at least one other language. I’ll add more examples when I think of them. Meanwhile, if you can think of any other examples, please add comments below.
I will tag this post with the Indonesian word dengan – please come back another time and see if the list has grown!
Old people believe if traditional medicines are more effective for long-standing health complaints than contemporary ones.
Here an Indonesian student has used if as a relative pronoun. This is allowed in Bahasa Indonesia, at least after the verb ‘believe’, but it is not allowed in English.
Instead you need:
- Old people believe that traditional medicines are more effective for long-standing health complaints than contemporary ones.
- The word ‘relative’ made me think of Einstein, and that’s why he appears on this post’s featured image.
- Since there is a cultural note for ‘relative’ then I suppose we ought to include one for ‘if’. How about this inspirational poem by Rudyard Kipling?
Most patients think hard about the best way to recover their health and to accelerate the healing process.
This verb noun collocation – recover health – is very weak. Let’s take a look at the two words separately.
Recover + noun
The strongest collocation for recover + noun seems to be associated with money:
- Apple invested heavily in the iPhone but soon recovered their research and development costs.
- Fraud victims find it difficult to recover their money.
- The state’s Consumer Protection Assistance Fund (CPAF) can help victims, who have filed complaints with our office, recover their losses.
Verb + health
Meanwhile, verb + health gives us:
- Most people make an effort to improve their health.
- regular exercise and a balanced diet can help to maintain good health.
- I’m quite concerned about my uncle’s health.
Recover (no object)
In the context of health, recover is usually intransitive:
- I hope your uncle recovers quickly.
- If you take this medicine you will recover in a few days.
- You had a bad fall. You need some time to recover.
Returning to our opening example, either of the following are possible:
- Most patients think hard about the best way to recover and to accelerate the healing process.
- Most patients think hard about the best way to improve their health and to accelerate the healing process.
Zoos have evolved to prioritise research that benefits for animals.
This error might happen because students have seen (1) the adjective phrase beneficial for, or (2) the noun benefits followed by the preposition for: Continue reading
Animals that are used to perform are easy to get tired.
If we reduce this to its most basic grammar, we get:
Obviously that’s not what the writer intended. Maybe we should look at some examples!
- My answer was pretty easy to understand.
= My answer was easy.
- The daily instructions are very easy to follow.
= The daily instructions are easy.
- The game is really pretty easy to play.
= The game is easy.
Now contrast the previous examples with the following.
- Generally it is easier for men to handle horses.
= Handling horses is easy (NOT men are easy!)
- It is easy for smartphone users to use QR codes.
= Using QR codes is easy (NOT smartphone users are easy!)
- It is easy for people to misunderstand religious language and ritual.
= Misunderstanding is easy (NOT people are easy!)
It is easy for us to correct our opening example if we begin “It is easy for.!”
- It is easy for animals that are used to perform to get tired.
[it is easy/difficult for + noun + to + v1]
This structure is shown in several previous posts – here, and in the song Lemon Squeezy. Check them out!
An alternative improvement would be to use an adverb:
- Animals that are used to perform get tired easily.
..and for a higher IELTS score, avoid ‘get’ by using the verb form of ‘tired’:
- Animals that are used to perform tire easily.
If you’re studying in Australia you should make an effort to see the amazing Circus OZ – an animal-free circus!