Helping and enabling + to + V1

Older workers have built expertise to enable them coping with unusual circumstances.

Indonesian flag With help + obj and enable + obj you need to + V1:

  • Older workers have built expertise to enable them to cope with unusual circumstances.
  • Older workers have built expertise to help them to cope with unusual circumstances.

And that’s all folks!

The most preferred

Governments in many countries rely on bailout as the most preferred policy in a situation perceived as crisis.

Indonesian flag Here an Indonesian writer feels a strong urge to write most as a translation of the Indonesian paling. However in English this is redundant as the ‘preferred’ choice is already the ‘most’ liked:

  • Governments in many countries rely on bailout as the preferred policy in a situation perceived as crisis.

Similarly, it would be redundant to write ‘more prefer’:

  • I more prefer wine.

In this case you need:

  • I prefer wine.

And that’s all for today!

Japan earthquake – tenses

There have been a lot of earthquakes recently, including this one on Japan’s Hokkaido island. Current news stories – although often tragic – are full of interesting grammar as they include past and finished, recently finished, as well as ongoing events and situations. See if you can choose the correct tenses from the news coverage. Continue reading

Crime or crimes?

Several posts on GuruEAP deal with nouns that can be either countable or uncountable but with slightly different meanings. Here’s a text packed with examples of one such word – Crime. Select either ‘crime’ or ‘crimes’ from the dropdown menus and then check the answer key for analysis and explanations!

Continue reading

(A) few, (a) little

Only some students hand in their homework on time.

Indonesian flag Elsewhere on GuruEAP we’ve looked at alternatives to ‘some’, which tends to be overused by Indonesians translating from ‘beberapa’, or, in the example above – ‘hanya beberapa’.

In this post we look at other alternatives to ‘some’ that are especially problematic for Indonesians because they are awkward to translate: few, a few, little, and a little.

As with all quantifiers, we need to begin by deciding whether the noun we’re quantifying is countable or uncountable. Continue reading