The IELTS test does actually produce quite a lot of waste, and some of it probably ends up in the ocean.
Look at the graph and then try to reconstruct the text – without looking at the text!
IELTS often requires us to talk about money and how we spend it, so here’s a song illustrating some common collocations. Lyrics are embedded in the video.
It could be argued that a patient who doubts with modern medicines will take longer to heal.
Bahasa Indonesia often features with after certain verbs where it would not be used in English. In English the opening example would simply read:
Other examples of the redundant with include:
So that’s four verbs – doubt, believe, like, promise – that are not followed by with in English, but are followed by with in at least one other language. I’ll add more examples when I think of them. Meanwhile, if you can think of any other examples, please add comments below.
I will tag this post with the Indonesian word dengan – please come back another time and see if the list has grown!
Old people believe if traditional medicines are more effective for long-standing health complaints than contemporary ones.
Here an Indonesian student has used if as a relative pronoun. This is allowed in Bahasa Indonesia, at least after the verb ‘believe’, but it is not allowed in English.
Instead you need:
Most patients think hard about the best way to recover their health and to accelerate the healing process.
This verb noun collocation – recover health – is very weak. Let’s take a look at the two words separately.
The strongest collocation for recover + noun seems to be associated with money:
Meanwhile, verb + health gives us:
In the context of health, recover is usually intransitive:
Returning to our opening example, either of the following are possible:
Zoos are good places for animals conservation.
This is an example of a noun pre-modifying another noun.
Well, sometimes we have to consider how nouns function within a larger noun phrase.
Well, animal is a noun, and conservation is a noun, but together they form a noun phrase: animal conservation.
So what’s the problem then, Pak Guru?
Well, in this example, the ‘main’ noun is conservation.
What do you mean main noun?
Well, in this example, are you saying that zoos are good for animals or good for conservation?
Right, so conservation is the main noun.
I see, so what’s wrong with animals?
OK, well in the example animals is pre-modifying conservation. ‘Pre’ means ‘before’ – the word ‘animals’ comes before the word ‘conservation’, right?
Wait. Did you say ‘modifying’? What’s that?!
Well, the word animals changes (modifies) the word conservation – it tells us exactly what kind of conservation.
OK. But I still don’t see what is wrong with the original sentence.
The problem is.. If you use a countable noun to pre-modify another noun, then that modifying noun (in this case animal) must be singular.
I see. Like ‘Computer scientist?’
The featured image for this post is a photograph of the man who has done more than any other to conserve wildlife, the incredible David Attenborough – here conversing with orang utan.
Zoos have evolved to prioritise research that benefits for animals.
This error might happen because students have seen (1) the adjective phrase beneficial for, or (2) the noun benefits followed by the preposition for: Continue reading
Animals that are used to perform are easy to get tired.
If we reduce this to its most basic grammar, we get:
Obviously that’s not what the writer intended. Maybe we should look at some examples!
Now contrast the previous examples with the following.
It is easy for us to correct our opening example if we begin “It is easy for.!”
An alternative improvement would be to use an adverb:
..and for a higher IELTS score, avoid ‘get’ by using the verb form of ‘tired’:
If you’re studying in Australia you should make an effort to see the amazing Circus OZ – an animal-free circus!
It could also be argued that removing individual animals from the wild are potentially threatening the population of wild species.
This kind of subject verb agreement problem is penalised in IELTS writing and speaking.
In this sentence, the subject removing individual animals from the wild does not ‘agree’ with the verb are. This disagreement happens when the subject is singular and the verb is plural, or vice versa.
Discuss with a friend.. If animals are sentient beings (they can think and feel pretty much like humans can), how does this affect our attitude to:
After your discussion, read the following text and select articles as appropriate. Continue reading