Climate change is a depressing topic, but it provides us with a rich source of cause effect language that we can borrow and use in our IELTS speaking and writing.
Some world leaders continue to deny that human activity is to blame for global warming, but the following text argues that humans are in fact largely responsible.
The text features some quite sophisticated cause effect signals. Try the gapfill and be sure to review alternative answers mentioned in the answer key (available after submitting answers).
In other words, natural causes cannot be blamed for global warming. “There is no scientific debate on this point,” NOAA says.
Indeed, virtually every credible source of scientific research from around the world indicates that human causes, primarily the burning of fossil fuels and the subsequent increase in atmospheric CO2 levels, are blamed for global warming.