arise arose arisen

A problem has arisen

Posted by on June 3rd, 2018 | 1 comment | collocation, IELTS, memunculkan, muncul, speaking, transitive intransitive, verbs, vocabulary, writing

The involvement of government in indigenous governance has arisen a variety of arguments.

Here there is a vocabulary problem AND a grammar problem!

First the grammar problem..

In other languages (Indonesian flag ‘memunculkan’) the verb ‘arise’ can be transitive (can take an object), but in English it cannot.¬†However, there do exist alternatives that allow you to keep the object (obj – ‘a variety of arguments’):

  • The involvement of government in indigenous governance has raised a variety of arguments.

Or if you want sophisticated collocation (for a higher score in IELTS speaking and writing):

  • The involvement of government in indigenous governance has given rise to a variety of arguments.
  • The involvement of government in indigenous governance has elicited a variety of arguments.

If you really want to use the verb¬†arise, then don’t include an object:

  • A variety of arguments have arisen concerning the role of government in indigenous governance.
  • The role of government in indigenous governance has been discussed and a variety of arguments have arisen.

Next, the vocabulary problem..

The verb ‘arise’ doesn’t collocate strongly with the noun ‘argument’. If we explore collocation using this corpus and this corpus , we find that ‘arise’ actually collocates with the nouns ‘problem’ and ‘question’ (see featured image for this post! !).

In this case, a better version of the opening sentence would be:

  • A variety of questions have arisen concerning the role of government in indigenous governance.
  • The role of government in indigenous governance has been discussed and a variety of problems have arisen.

Conclusion

If you want to avoid problems, and possibly questions, be careful next time you use arise/arose/arisen!

One response to “A problem has arisen”

  1. Pipit says:

    Thank you pak guru for pencerahannya. You’re the best lah!

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