cause and effect

Chicken because egg because chicken

Posted by on January 26th, 2019 | 0 comments | cause effect, grammar, IELTS, karena, sebab, speaking, vocabulary, writing

Earth hour can have a significant impact on our planet. Because much can be achieved when people work together towards a shared goal.

I’ve posted about because before – here, here, and here. It’s such a common word and so you should make a special effort to use it correctly. Incorrect use can have a negative effect on your IELTS speaking and writing scores!

Basically, if you want to communicate cause and effect using because, you have 2 options.

1: effect followed by cause

  • Earth hour can have a significant impact on our planet because much can be achieved when people work together towards a shared goal.

2: cause followed by effect

  • Because much can be achieved when people work together towards a shared goal, Earth hour can have a significant impact on our planet.

Notice that in each case the effect is described using an independent clause: Earth hour can have a significant impact on our planet.

because + of

Here you need to be careful. Because of is followed by a noun phrase (not an independent clause). However, because of behaves much like because in terms of sentence structure:

  • Earth hour can have a significant impact on our planet because of the joint efforts of people working together towards a shared goal.
  • Because of the joint efforts of people working together towards a shared goal, Earth hour can have a significant impact on our planet.

Practice

If you find that you sometimes use because inaccurately, add a comment below explaining why you think you make the error. And don’t forget to use because!

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