Reconstructing public transport
Posted by pakguru on November 29th, 2019 | 0 comments | coherence, coherence and cohesion, cohesion, IELTS, jumbled sentences, reading, speaking
Transportation, and the future of transportation, are common topics in the IELTS Speaking test. Reconstruct the text below to reveal an extract from an essay by Marcus Enoch in which he presents four visions for the future of public transport.
Later, try reading the complete article by Marcus, and then discuss what you’ve read with a friend!
The way people get around is starting to change, and as a professor of transport strategy I do rather wonder if the modes of transport we use today will still be around by the turn of the next century. Growing up, my favourite book was a children’s encyclopaedia first published in 1953. One double page spread featured an annotated cityscape, showing all aspects of the built environment – most of which we would still be familiar with now. The various modes of transport illustrated – trains, buses, lorries, taxis, motorcycles, bikes, pedestrians and private cars – still work together as a system in fundamentally the same ways. But a whole range of possible (though not inevitable) societal and technological changes could revolutionise how we travel in the coming decades. These include large-scale responses to the climate change agenda and energy sourcing and security. They also include shifting demographic trends (such as growing numbers of elderly people), the development of the collaborative economy, the growing use of big data, and the apparent inevitability of driverless cars.