Cost or costs?

In the metal and mining sector, companies are facing significant problems (Hopwood, 2018). For example, they face increasing production cost due to the rapid development of new mining technologies.

Like much basic vocabulary in the field of economics, cost is a difficult word! First of all this is one of those words that can be countable and uncountable, and secondly there are some usage peculiarities with each. Continue reading

Conjunction sandwich

Alternative methods rely on variables that cannot be controlled by airlines, with overbooking, airlines have more control over related parameters.

The grammar problem in this opening sentence is explained in the video below.

Watch the video, and then – in the comments box at the bottom of this post – re-write the opening sentence based on the advice givien in the video!

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Generating interest in introductions

E-commerce has been an attractive issue in the last decade, not only in Indonesia but also all countries throughout the world.

This is a bit like saying it has been widely discussed. The reader will be thinking “Who cares if it has been an attractive issue?” If you want your reader to want to read your text, try to relate the topic of your essay to your reader’s knowledge and experience. Continue reading

Past and present importance

Indonesia and Australia have concluded their Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement (IA-CEPA) in August 2018.

Sometimes past events, although finished, are somehow important in the present, and we can communicate this importance using present perfect tense, often in conjunction with related time expressions.

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The workforce in IELTS

In fact, palm oil plantations cover huge hectares of land which often requires a significant amount of workforce to pick the heavy oil palm fruit.

Words like amount and number are used to communicate statistics, as in the amount of electricity, the number of deaths, etc. The same is true of workforce: Continue reading

Loneliness

At the time of writing, the UK Government has appointed a Minister of Loneliness. This is in response to a perceived increase in loneliness, thought by some to result in part from social media use. Match headings to the text below which looks at some of the myths surrounding loneliness.

Don’t be lonely! First discuss with a friend why you think people sometimes feel lonely. Continue reading