GuruEAP

Academic English not only for Indonesians
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IELTS Task 2 – body paragraph reconstruction

In this activity we see two body paragraphs taken from an IELTS Task 2 essay discussing space exploration. (more…)

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Percent of what?

In this post we think about how a writer describes percentages so that the reader is always able to answer the question ‘percent of what?’. (more…)

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What is ‘extensive reading’

When most people prepare for IELTS reading, they think about subskills like skimming and scanning, but sometimes overlook another very important activity – extensive reading. Find out what extensive reading involves by reconstructing these 12 sentences! (more…)

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Cost or costs?

In the metal and mining sector, companies are facing significant problems (Hopwood, 2018). For example, they face increasing production cost due to the rapid development of new mining technologies.

Like much basic vocabulary in the field of economics, cost is a difficult word! First of all this is one of those words that can be countable and uncountable, and secondly there are some usage peculiarities with each. (more…)

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Generating interest in introductions

E-commerce has been an attractive issue in the last decade, not only in Indonesia but also all countries throughout the world.

This is a bit like saying it has been widely discussed. The reader will be thinking “Who cares if it has been an attractive issue?” If you want your reader to want to read your text, try to relate the topic of your essay to your reader’s knowledge and experience. (more…)

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Past and present importance

Indonesia and Australia have concluded their Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement (IA-CEPA) in August 2018.

Sometimes past events, although finished, are somehow important in the present, and we can communicate this importance using present perfect tense, often in conjunction with related time expressions.

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Even though although, but however!

Although some experts say that public projects would be less attractive than private projects. However, the government can do something about this.

Although is a contrasting signal. However is a contrasting signal. Use one or the other, but never both!

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The potential that ‘potential’ has

A program like this is potential to be implemented in Indonesia.

Indonesian flag Is this by any chance an Indonesian writer attempting to translate ‘berpotensi untuk..’? (more…)

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Predicting that X will probably change Y

The IA-CEPA is predicted to stabilise diplomatic relations between the two countries.

Predicting a change that does not take an object

If you want to say something will change, without mentioning the thing that will be affected by the change (the object of the change), then the writer of our opening example is using the right structure: (more…)

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Why these and not those?

These days a lot of people like to use smartphones and tablets. Those are popular because they can connect to the Internet.

OK so our writer is using¬†those as a substitute for smartphones and tablets. However, it would have been better to use these: (more…)