GuruEAP

Academic English not only for Indonesians
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Describing transformational change(s)

The farmland was transformed become residential areas.

I have written elsewhere about how Indonesian IELTS candidates often use become to talk about a constant, where in English it is only ever used to describe a change. However, although become is used to describe a change, we would not use become AND transform together. (more…)

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Unreasonable use of ‘reason’

The reasons that caused land degradation are shown in the pie chart.

One problem here is that reason is closely synonymous with cause, and so it’s as though you’re saying: (more…)

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In, at, by the end

In the end of the period the figure was almost 200.

Houston. We have a preposition problem! (more…)

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The workforce in IELTS

In fact, palm oil plantations cover huge hectares of land which often requires a significant amount of workforce to pick the heavy oil palm fruit.

Words like amount and number are used to communicate statistics, as in the amount of electricity, the number of deaths, etc. The same is true of workforce: (more…)

Fall down over

When demand is low, prices usually fall down.

This is a common error when describing trends in graphs in IELTS task 1 writing. It makes sense, intuitively – if something ‘falls’ then it falls down and not up! However, ‘fall’ and ‘fall down’ can have quite different meanings depending on the context. (more…)

The economics economy

Economy, economic, economics

Study the following rules relating to the various forms of the word ‘economy’.

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IELTS Task 1 and plastic waste

The IELTS test does actually produce quite a lot of waste, and some of it probably ends up in the ocean.

Look at the graph and then try to reconstruct the text – without looking at the text!

(Similar activities here, here and here.) (more…)

Employment in Task 1 Writing

Recently I was telling students that for certain statistics, generic labels like number and amount might not be suitable, for example when you’re writing about employment. Then today I saw this up-beat news item from the BBC, which contains some nice examples of ’employment speak’! (more…)

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Babies, trends, and past perfect

This story from the BBC features some useful language for IELTS candidates. Click on the highlighted words for separate analysis. Alternatively, jump straight to the summary analyisis at the bottom! (more…)